21 May 2001 Fast pulmonary contour extraction in x-ray CT images: a methodology and quality assessment
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Segmentation of thoracic X-Ray Computed Tomography images is a mandatory pre-processing step in many automated or semi- automated analysis tasks such us region identification, densitometric analysis, or even for 3D visualization purposes when a stack of slices has to be prepared for surface or volume rendering. In this work, we present a fully automated and fast method for pulmonary contour extraction and region identification. Our method combines adaptive intensity discrimination, geometrical feature estimation and morphological processing resulting into a fast and flexible algorithm. A complementary but not less important objective of this work consisted on a quality assessment study of the developed contour detection technique. The automatically extracted contours were statistically compared to manually drawn pulmonary outlines provided by two radiologists. Exploratory data analysis and non-parametric statistical tests were performed on the results obtained using several figures of merit. Results indicate that, besides a strong consistence among all the quality indexes, there is a wider inter-observer variability concerning both radiologists than the variability of our algorithm when compared to each one of the radiologists. As an overall conclusion we claim that the consistence and accuracy of our detection method is more than acceptable for most of the quantitative requirements mentioned by the radiologists.
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Augusto Ferreira da Silva, Augusto Ferreira da Silva, Jose Silvestre Silva, Jose Silvestre Silva, Beatriz Sousa Santos, Beatriz Sousa Santos, Carlos Ferreira, Carlos Ferreira, } "Fast pulmonary contour extraction in x-ray CT images: a methodology and quality assessment", Proc. SPIE 4321, Medical Imaging 2001: Physiology and Function from Multidimensional Images, (21 May 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.428139; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.428139


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