21 August 2001 Dynamic modeling and compensation of fine wire thermocouple based on rocket engine
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Abstract
When transient temperature is measured by thermocouples, the result is largely influenced by thermocouple's dynamic performance. This problem is encountered in measuring flame temperature fluctuation by using of fine wire thermocouple. Because the heat transfer coefficient mostly depends upon the gas temperature and flow speed, the time constant of fine wire thermocouple is not equal in different temperature ranges. The time constant calibrated in low temperature is not valid in this kind of measurement. Typically frequency of fluctuation in flame is less than 7KHz. The fine wire thermocouple often has to be compensated to meet this working frequency band. The compensation range is determined by its time constant in high temperature. High temperature step source with sharp rise is needed in dynamic calibrating this kind of fine wire thermocouples. A dynamic calibration system based on a set of rocket engine and different propellant is introduced to study the dynamic performance of the thermocouples. This set of rocket engine is designed to have same nozzle exhaust Mach number. Different engines with different propellant provide different high temperature step sources. Experiment is conducted in rocket engine static state experiment laboratory. The position of thermocouple is determined according to numerical simulation results. Dynamic modeling and compensation methods are introduced to process the calibration results.
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Qiang Xu, Guangxuan Liao, "Dynamic modeling and compensation of fine wire thermocouple based on rocket engine", Proc. SPIE 4326, Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Modeling, Signal Processing, and Control in Smart Structures, (21 August 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.436465; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.436465
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