11 July 2001 Fabrication of piezoelectric ceramic fibers by extrusion of PZT powder and PZT sol mixture
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Abstract
This study aims to fabricate Pb(Zr,Ti)O3 (PZT) piezoelectric ceramic fibers by extrusion with mixture of PZT powder and PZT sol. The added PZT sol in this study played a role as a binder; the sol changed into PZT crystalline during sintering, and removal process of additives before sintering was not required. To obtain PZT fibers, the condition of sol viscosity adjustment, the mixture ratio of powder and sol for fiber extrusion, and the sintering condition for obtaining polycrystalline fibers were investigated. PZT precursor solution was synthesized from lead acetate trihydrate, zirconium n-propoxide and titanium isopropoxide by reflux at 120 degree(s)C for 3 hours with 2-methoxyethanol. The appropriate adjustment of spinnable sol was achieved by the addition of acetic acid for suppressing the hydrolysis reaction and the curing sol at 80 degree(s)C for promoting the condensation of sol. Green fibers with diameter of about 300micrometers were successfully extruded from the mixture of PZT powder and sol. The extruded fibers sintered at 1200 degree(s)C had the microstructure with 2-6micrometers grains and had no pores or cracks. From the result of displacement behavior measurement, PZT fibers fabricated by firing at 1200 degree(s)C in this study were considered to have desired piezoelectric properties.
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Yoshimasa Kobayashi, Yoshimasa Kobayashi, Tae Young Um, Tae Young Um, Jinhao Qiu, Jinhao Qiu, Junji Tani, Junji Tani, Hirofumi Takahashi, Hirofumi Takahashi, } "Fabrication of piezoelectric ceramic fibers by extrusion of PZT powder and PZT sol mixture", Proc. SPIE 4333, Smart Structures and Materials 2001: Active Materials: Behavior and Mechanics, (11 July 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.432770; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.432770
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