3 August 2001 Monitoring of wind load and response for cable-supported bridges in Hong Kong
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Abstract
Structural health monitoring for the three cable-supported bridges located in the West of Hong Kong or the Tsing Ma Control Area has been carried out since the opening of these bridges to public traffic. The three cable-supported bridges are referred to as the Tsing Ma (suspension) Bridge, the Kap Shui Mun (cable-stayed) Bridge and the Ting Kau (cable-stayed) Bridge. The structural health monitoring works involved are classified as six monitoring categories, namely, wind load and response, temperature load and response, traffic load and response, geometrical configuration monitoring, strains and stresses/forces monitoring and global dynamic characteristics monitoring. As wind loads and responses had been a major concern in the design and construction stages, this paper therefore outlines the work of wind load and response monitoring on Tsing Ma, Kap Shui Mun and Ting Kau Bridges. The paper starts with a brief description of the sensory systems. The description includes the layout and performance requirements of sensory systems for wind load and responses monitoring. Typical results of wind load and response monitoring in graphical forms are then presented. These graphical forms include the plots of wind rose diagrams, wind incidences vs wind speeds, wind turbulence intensities, wind power spectra, gust wind factors, coefficient of terrain roughness, extreme wind analyses, deck deflections/rotations vs wind speeds, acceleration spectra, acceleration/displacement contours, and stress demand ratios. Finally conclusions on wind load and response monitoring on the three cable-supported bridges are drawn.
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Kai-yuen Wong, Wai-Yee K. Chan, King-Leung Man, "Monitoring of wind load and response for cable-supported bridges in Hong Kong", Proc. SPIE 4337, Health Monitoring and Management of Civil Infrastructure Systems, (3 August 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.435604; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.435604
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KEYWORDS
Bridges

Sensors

Sensing systems

Turbulence

Wind measurement

Structural health monitoring

Atrial fibrillation

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