23 March 2001 Medical applications of model-based dynamic thermography
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The proposal to use active thermography in medical diagnostics is promising in some applications concerning investigation of directly accessible parts of the human body. The combination of dynamic thermograms with thermal models of investigated structures gives attractive possibility to make internal structure reconstruction basing on different thermal properties of biological tissues. Measurements of temperature distribution synchronized with external light excitation allow registration of dynamic changes of local temperature dependent on heat exchange conditions. Preliminary results of active thermography applications in medicine are discussed. For skin and under- skin tissues an equivalent thermal model may be determined. For the assumed model its effective parameters may be reconstructed basing on the results of transient thermal processes. For known thermal diffusivity and conductivity of specific tissues the local thickness of a two or three layer structure may be calculated. Results of some medical cases as well as reference data of in vivo study on animals are presented. The method was also applied to evaluate the state of the human heart during the open chest cardio-surgical interventions. Reference studies of evoked heart infarct in pigs are referred, too. We see the proposed new in medical applications technique as a promising diagnostic tool. It is a fully non-invasive, clean, handy, fast and affordable method giving not only qualitative view of investigated surfaces but also an objective quantitative measurement result, accurate enough for many applications including fast screening of affected tissues.
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Antoni Nowakowski, Mariusz Kaczmarek, Jacek Ruminski, Marcin Hryciuk, Alicja Renkielska, Jacek Grudzinski, Janusz Siebert, Dariusz Jagielak, Jan Rogowski, Krzysztof Roszak, and Wojciech Stojek "Medical applications of model-based dynamic thermography", Proc. SPIE 4360, Thermosense XXIII, (23 March 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.421030; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.421030

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