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23 March 2001 SST algorithm based on radiative transfer model
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An algorithm for measuring sea surface temperature (SST) without recourse to the in-situ data for calibration has been proposed. The algorithm which is based on the recorded infrared signal by the satellite sensor is composed of three terms, namely, the surface emission, the up-welling radiance emitted by the atmosphere, and the down-welling atmospheric radiance reflected at the sea surface. This algorithm requires the transmittance values of thermal bands. The angular dependence of the transmittance function was modeled using the MODTRAN code. Radiosonde data were used with the MODTRAN code. The expression of transmittance as a function of zenith view angle was obtained for each channel through regression of the MODTRAN output. The Ocean Color Temperature Scanner (OCTS) data from the Advanced Earth Observation Satellite (ADEOS) were used in this study. The study area covers the seas of the North West of Peninsular Malaysia region. The in-situ data (ship collected SST values) were used for verification of the results. Cloud contaminated pixels were masked out using the standard procedures which have been applied to the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data. The cloud free pixels at the in-situ sites were extracted for analysis. The OCTS data were then substituted in the proposed algorithm. The appropriate transmittance value for each channel was then assigned in the calculation. Assessment for the accuracy was made by observing the correlation and the rms deviations between the computed and the ship collected values. The results were also compared with the results from OCTS multi- channel sea surface temperature algorithm. The comparison produced high correlation values. The performance of this algorithm is comparable with the established OCTS algorithm. The effect of emissivity on the retrieved SST values was also investigated. SST map was generated and contoured manually.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Mohd Zubir Mat Jafri, Khiruddin Abdullah, and Alui Bahari "SST algorithm based on radiative transfer model", Proc. SPIE 4360, Thermosense XXIII, (23 March 2001);

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