10 October 2001 Cross-track infrared sounder FPA performance
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Abstract
The National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) is an interferometric sensor that measures earth radiances at high spectral resolution, using the data to provide pressure, temperature and moisture profiles of the atmosphere. The pressure, temperature and moisture sounding data are used in weather prediction models that track storms, predict levels of precipitation etc. The CrIS instrument contains SWIR ((λc approximately 5 μm at 98K), MWIR (λc approximately 9 μm at 98K) LWIR (λc approximately 16 μm at 81K) Focal Plane Array (FPA) modules. A critical CrIS design selection was the use of photovoltaic (PV) detectors in all three spectral bands. PV detectors have the important benefits of high sensitivity and linearity. Each FPA modules consists of nine large (1000 μm diameter) photovoltaic detectors with accompanying cold preamplifiers. This paper describes the performance for all the modules forming the CrIS Detector Preamplifier Module (DPM). Molecular Beam Epitaxy (MBE) is used to grow the appropriate bandgap n-type Hg1-xCdxTe on lattice matched CdZnTe. SWIR, MWIR and LWIR 1000 μm diameter detectors have been manufactured using the Lateral Collection Diode (LCD) architecture. Custom pre-amplifiers have been designed to interface with the large SWIR, MWIR and LWIR detectors. The operating temperature is above 78K, permitting the use of passive radiators in spacecraft to cool the detectors. Recently fabricated 1000 micrometers diameter photovoltaic detectors have the measured performance parameters listed in the Table below. Expected D* performance from the detector/pre-amplifier models are also listed in the table. The D* values are calculated at the CrIS program peak wavelength specified for each spectral band.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Arvind I. D'Souza, Arvind I. D'Souza, Larry C. Dawson, Larry C. Dawson, Stacy Marsh, Stacy Marsh, Richard W. Willis, Richard W. Willis, Priyalal S. Wijewarnasuriya, Priyalal S. Wijewarnasuriya, Roger E. DeWames, Roger E. DeWames, Jose M. Arias, Jose M. Arias, Jagmohan Bajaj, Jagmohan Bajaj, Gernot Hildebrandt, Gernot Hildebrandt, Fergus E. Moore, Fergus E. Moore, } "Cross-track infrared sounder FPA performance", Proc. SPIE 4369, Infrared Technology and Applications XXVII, (10 October 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.445336; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.445336
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