10 August 2001 Investigation of as-grown nitrogen-doped Czochralski silicon
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Two Czochralski (CZ) silicon ingots, named NCZ and ACZ silicon, were grown under the same procedure in nitrogen and an argon atmosphere respectively. The experiments reveal that nitrogen was doped into the silicon ingot and N-O complexes were generated during the crystal growth, while it was grown in a nitrogen atmosphere. The nitrogen concentration profile in the NCZ silicon ingot indicates that the nitrogen concentration in the wafer edges was less than that in the center. It is also found that the as-grown oxygen-thermal donors were almost the same. Furthermore, it is discovered that the profile of phosphorus concentration in NCZ silicon was also the same as that in ACZ silicon. It is considered that compared with argon atmosphere, nitrogen atmosphere ha no influence on the evaporation rates of phosphorus from melting silicon.
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Deren Yang, Deren Yang, Jinggang Lu, Jinggang Lu, Yijun Shen, Yijun Shen, Daxi Tian, Daxi Tian, Xiangyang Ma, Xiangyang Ma, Liben Li, Liben Li, Duanlin Que, Duanlin Que, "Investigation of as-grown nitrogen-doped Czochralski silicon", Proc. SPIE 4412, International Conference on Solid State Crystals 2000: Growth, Characterization, and Applications of Single Crystals, (10 August 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.435811; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.435811

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