17 April 2001 Miniaturization: enabling technology for the new millennium
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The history of semiconductor devices has been characterized by a constant drive toward lower dimensions in order to increase integration density, system functionality and performance. However, this is still far from being comparable with the performance of natural systems such as human brain. The challenges facing semiconductor technologies in the millennium will be to move toward miniaturization. The influence of this trend on the quantum sensing of infrared radiation is one example that is elaborated here. A new generation of infrared detectors has been developed by growing layers of different semiconductors with nanometer thicknesses. The resulted badgap engineered semiconductor has superior performance compared to the bulk material. To enhance this technology further, we plan to move from quantum wells to quantum wire and quantum dots.
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Manijeh Razeghi, Manijeh Razeghi, Hooman Mohseni, Hooman Mohseni, } "Miniaturization: enabling technology for the new millennium", Proc. SPIE 4413, International Conference on Solid State Crystals 2000: Epilayers and Heterostructures in Optoelectronics and Semiconductor Technology, (17 April 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.425401; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.425401

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