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6 November 2001 Sources of loss in single-mode polymer optical waveguides
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Abstract
Single-mode optical waveguides based on planar silica have found increasing application in passive optical components such as arrayed waveguide gratings (AWG), couplers, and splitters. Key aspects of these devices are their low insertion losses and relative insensitivity to temperature. Planar polymer waveguides present a complementary technology that is finding deployment in thermally activated components such as thermo-optic switches, variable attenuators and tunable filters. This results from the large thermo-optic effects and low thermal conductivities in polymers that lead to low power, compact and rapid thermal activation. However, the widespread deployment of planar polymer waveguides has been slowed by inability of single-mode polymer waveguides to achieve the low waveguide losses that have been attained in planar silica. In this paper we look at the sources of loss in polymer optical waveguides, assess approaches to reducing losses, and discuss several important loss measurement techniques valuable for evaluation of new polymer materials.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Robert A. Norwood, Renyuan Gao, Jaya Sharma, and C. C. Teng "Sources of loss in single-mode polymer optical waveguides", Proc. SPIE 4439, Design, Manufacturing, and Testing of Planar Optical Waveguide Devices, (6 November 2001); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.447629
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