9 January 1984 A Large Area Imaging Gas Scintillation Proportional Counter For Use In X-Ray Astronomy
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Proceedings Volume 0445, Instrumentation in Astronomy V; (1984); doi: 10.1117/12.966169
Event: 1983 Astronomy Conferences, 1983, London, United Kingdom
Abstract
A large area (200 cm2), broad bandwidth (0.1-70 keV), imaging gas scintillation proportional counter (IGSPC) has been constructed for use in X-ray astronomy. The IGSPC consists of a high pressure xenon gas scintillation proportional counter (GSPC) coupled to a multi-wire proportional counter (MWPC) via a calcium fluoride window. The MWPC, filled with a mixture of argon, methane, and tetrakis (dimethylamino) ethylene, detects the UV photons emitted by the xenon gas in the GSPC. The detector has a measured energy resolution of 8.0% (FWHM) and 4.3% (FWHM) at 5.9 keV and 22.1 keV, respectively. The predicted spatial resolution of the detector is <1 mm (FWHM) between 3-22 keV and 37-60 keV. A method to determine the three-dimensional location of detected X-rays is described. In addition, we discuss a combination of discrimination schemes designed to reduce the non-X-ray background in the IGSPC by more than two orders of magnitude.
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William H. M. Ku, Kenneth S. Lum, Michael H. Vartanian, "A Large Area Imaging Gas Scintillation Proportional Counter For Use In X-Ray Astronomy", Proc. SPIE 0445, Instrumentation in Astronomy V, (9 January 1984); doi: 10.1117/12.966169; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.966169
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KEYWORDS
X-rays

Photons

Ultraviolet radiation

Absorption

Scintillation

Sensors

Xenon

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