6 December 2001 Advancements in conductive cladding materials for nonlinear-optic-polymer-based optoelectronic devices
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Abstract
We have investigated various conductive and non-conductive polymers suitable for use as cladding layers in nonlinear optic (NLO) polymer based opto-electronic devices. Our goal was to maximize the nonlinearity of the core material, minimize the total poling voltage, and minimize the absorption loss. Using a cladding material that is more conductive than the NLO core material, the majority of the applied poling voltage is dropped across the core, realizing a maximum EO coefficient with minimum applied voltage. We found, however, that there are tradeoffs between absorption loss, conductivity, refractive index, materials processability and materials compatibility when using off-the-shelf materials.
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James G. Grote, John S. Zetts, Robert L. Nelson, Frank Kenneth Hopkins, Jeremy B. Huddleston, Perry P. Yaney, Cheng H. Zhang, William H. Steier, Min-Cheol Oh, Harold R. Fetterman, Alex K.Y. Jen, Larry Raymond Dalton, "Advancements in conductive cladding materials for nonlinear-optic-polymer-based optoelectronic devices", Proc. SPIE 4470, Photonic Devices and Algorithms for Computing III, (6 December 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.449656; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.449656
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