6 December 2001 Electrically addressed spatial light phase modulator
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Abstract
A nonpixelized electrically addressable spatial light phase- only modulator has been developed. The device consists of an optically addressed parallel aligned nematic liquid crystal spatial light modulator (PAL-SLM), coupling optics, an XGA liquid crystal display (LCD) which serves as an accurate addressable mask for the PAL-SLM, a laser diode (LD) for illuminating the LCD and collimating optics for the LD. The device has a phase modulation capability of over 2(pi) radians and a high diffraction efficiency of greater than 35% at a spatial frequency of 10 lp/mm of binary (0,(pi) ) grating. Also when a multilevel (0, 0.5(pi) , (pi) , 1.5(pi) ) grating was written in the device, a diffraction efficiency of greater than 70% at a spatial frequency of 10 lp/mm was obtained. Moreover, surplus diffraction light (diffraction noise) caused by the pixelized structure was reduced to less than 3% by the coupling optics, compared with almost 50% occurring in the LCD by itself.
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Tsutomu Hara, Tsutomu Hara, Norihiro Fukuchi, Norihiro Fukuchi, Yuji Kobayashi, Yuji Kobayashi, Narihiro Yoshida, Narihiro Yoshida, Yasunori Igasaki, Yasunori Igasaki, Ming Hsien Wu, Ming Hsien Wu, } "Electrically addressed spatial light phase modulator", Proc. SPIE 4470, Photonic Devices and Algorithms for Computing III, (6 December 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.449649; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.449649
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