The aim of ground surveillance with airborne GMTI radar is the near real-time production of a dynamic ground picture. Since the sensors often record merely certain aspects of the situation of interest, information fusion is of particular importance. In addition, even after platform motion compensation by signal processing techniques (STAP), ground moving targets can well be masked by the clutter notch of the sensor. This physical phenomenon directly results from the low-DOPPLER characteristics of the targets and causes interfering fading effects that seriously affect the tracking performance/continuity. In this context a GMTI sensor model provides significant performance improvements being relevant also to sensor data fusion. The Minimum Detectable Velocity (MDV) proves to be an important sensor parameter explicitly entering into GMTI tracking. In combination with road map information or sensor data fusion the refined model can in particular alleviate the recognition of stopping targets. A numerical example quantitatively illustrates the potential gain by exploiting GMTI-modeling, road-maps, and sensor fusion.
Wolfgang Koch, Wolfgang Koch,
"GMTI-tracking and information fusion for ground surveillance", Proc. SPIE 4473, Signal and Data Processing of Small Targets 2001, (26 November 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.492764; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.492764