17 January 2002 Processing inputs to the design and development of a hyperspectral sensor
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Many new imaging spectrometers have been developed over the past several years that use a two-dimensional detector array to simultaneously record the spectra for a line of points on the ground. The second spatial dimension is built up over time by motion of the sensor. The motion of the sensor can be in the direction of the platform motion or at right angles to it. Since a large number of spectra are obtained simultaneously, the instantaneous data rate can be much higher than that achieved with a flying spot scanner. The result can be both greater angular coverage and higher spatial resolution at the same signal level. There are many consequences of using this type of sensor. The two dimensional design of the optical system and its effect on the data must be considered. In addition, since the same detector is not used to build up the image in each spectral band, there are new sources of pattern noise in the data that are not normally seen in data from a flying spot sensor. In this paper, the effects of some of these design considerations are discussed from the point of view of their impact on classification and anomaly detection. Design recommendations for sensor design are made from the processing point of view.
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Edwin M. Winter, "Processing inputs to the design and development of a hyperspectral sensor", Proc. SPIE 4480, Imaging Spectrometry VII, (17 January 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.453337; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.453337

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