Today's local, inter-exchange, and transnational carriers are caught in an unfortunate predicament. On one hand, they need to reduce customer churn while meeting their clients' growing bandwidth and service provisioning needs and defending against competitive pressures from other carriers. This is driving service providers to make continued improvements and investments in their optical network infrastructure. For most carriers, there is a clear recognition that the path to business success requires a migration from a 'static' optical network to a 'dynamic' optical network, one that facilitates system design and service provisioning. On the other hand, carriers are under extreme pressure to manage down capital expenditures and improve network-operating efficiencies (reducing expenses) resulting in improved balance sheet, income and cash flow statements. This paper will review the provisioning issues and constraints associated with static networks and the benefits, both economic and process, gained by migrating to a dynamic network. The key objective is to describe several currently available and practical methods to dynamically deploy, provision and manage optical services using 'keystrokes, instead of truck rolls'.