28 January 2002 Radiation hardness of passive fiber optic components for the future thermonuclear fusion reactor instrumentation links
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The future thermonuclear fusion reactor ITER will require remote-handled equipment to monitor its operation and to allow hazard-free manipulations during its frequent maintenance periods. Heavy shielded umbilicals will be required to connect the sensors and the actuators with their instrumentation. Multiplexing sensor signals turns out to be essential to ease the umbilical management. We are considering fibre optic technology, with its intrinsic wavelength multiplexing (WDM) capabilities, to handle these ITER multiplexing issues. We propose a new analog data link design for low-bandwidth sensors and actuators based on commercial-off-the-shelf (COTS) fiber optic components. We rely on passive components such as WDM couplers and fibre Bragg gratings (FBG) to build a radiation-resistant analog data link. WDM couplers remain operational up to a 13 MGy gamma total dose. A radiation-induced channel drift is observed. The refractive index change under ionizing radiation is proposed as the degradation mechanism. FBG filters continue to operate satisfactorily up to a 150 MGy total gamma dose and a neutron fluence of about 1015 n/cm2. Our results on these COTS all-fibre passive components open perspectives to build a radiation-tolerant analog optical data link compatible with the ITER requirements.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Alberto Fernandez Fernandez, Alberto Fernandez Fernandez, Francis Berghmans, Francis Berghmans, Benoit Brichard, Benoit Brichard, Marco Van Uffelen, Marco Van Uffelen, Marc C. Decreton, Marc C. Decreton, Patrice Megret, Patrice Megret, Michel Blondel, Michel Blondel, Alain Delchambre, Alain Delchambre, } "Radiation hardness of passive fiber optic components for the future thermonuclear fusion reactor instrumentation links", Proc. SPIE 4547, Photonics for Space and Radiation Environments II, (28 January 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.454392; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.454392

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