11 March 2002 150-nm dense/isolated contact hole study with Canon IDEAL technique
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Abstract
This paper presents the results of a joint development effort between Canon USA, Inc. and Photronics, Inc. on 150nm contact hole application. A double exposure technique, Canon's IDEAL technique, is used to achieve the very small dense contact hole and isolated contact hole simultaneously. Canon's IDEAL exposure technique has shown, through numerous documented investigations to be beneficial for extending the current lithography tool life with regards to line patterns. However, it is also now equally important to evaluate IDEAL's advantages for contact holes. We look to apply the IDEAL technique to contact holes by using a Hole-shaped alternating Phase Shift Mask for the grid and a binary mask for trimming. This experiment was performed on a Canon FPA- 3000EX6 5X stepper with maximum NA0.65, using JSR TMX1260Y 300nm thick resist. All masks were made by Photronics. Since image intensity imbalances of Hole shaped alt-PSMs were too large to generate a perfect grid, we exposed twice with the same Hole-shaped alt-PSM reticle. The second exposure was shifted to combine 0 degree and 180-degree space, thereby creating a well-balanced grid. Subsequently, we used a binary mask for trimming. Through this method, 0.15 micrometers dense holes and 0.15 micrometers isolated holes with simple reticle bias were resolved simultaneously, and over 0.6 micrometers common DOF was obtained. Due to the high accuracy alignment between the PSM hole mask and binary mask from this experiment, double and triple exposure schemes can be used in actual production. Based on these experimental result, we also confirmed that the IDEAL technique allows fora 50nm combination error of stage stepping and reticle alignment without including significant CD error. A well- balanced grid can be generated using the vertical line PSM and horizontal line PSM, by minimizing image intensity imbalances due to PSM structures, however, the three-reticle application may prove prohibitive due to the increase in reticle cost.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Takeaki Ebihara, Takeaki Ebihara, Peter D. Rhyins, Peter D. Rhyins, Toshihiro Oga, Toshihiro Oga, Patrick M. Martin, Patrick M. Martin, Monika Sweis, Monika Sweis, } "150-nm dense/isolated contact hole study with Canon IDEAL technique", Proc. SPIE 4562, 21st Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology, (11 March 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.458270; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.458270
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