11 March 2002 Prevention instead of cure: pre-OPC treatment of photomask layouts
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Data preparation of photomask layout has become a major issue of mask making. As model-based OPC becomes a compulsory technology for advanced manufacturing processes, photolithography engineers encounter the issue in data preparation of photomask layout - the file size after-OPC treatment is much larger than original file size. Consequence of large file size leads to difficult manipulation of database such as longer OPC run time and larger disk space, which challenges computer system and software tools, etc. Part of file-size expansion arises from the nature of current methodology, which is caused by fragmentation of polygon edges. However, still part of expansion is unnecessary, because some unintentional layout is sent into an OPC engine. If any given OPC engine is fed with unintentional layout features produced after OPC is applied on layouts, a systematic 'smoothing' algorithm is developed to apply on a real chip. Any algorithms that scan through polygons for each type of defects would be unavoidable to scan the whole layout many times. The algorithm introduced here does not try to fix different kinds of polygon 'defects' one by one. The key is different kinds of defects are reduced to a few categories. The performance can be expected because polygons are scanned through fewer times. After the treatment, the numbers of polygon vertices becomes less. The new database is also more OPC friendly.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jerry Huang, Jerry Huang, Karl F. Y. Chiu, Karl F. Y. Chiu, Snow Lee, Snow Lee, Shih-Ying Chen, Shih-Ying Chen, Eric C. Lynn, Eric C. Lynn, } "Prevention instead of cure: pre-OPC treatment of photomask layouts", Proc. SPIE 4562, 21st Annual BACUS Symposium on Photomask Technology, (11 March 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.458357; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.458357

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