17 October 2001 Transience in fiber Raman amplifiers: characteristics and system design guidelines
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Proceedings Volume 4581, Passive Components and Transmission Systems; (2001); doi: 10.1117/12.445040
Event: Asia-Pacific Optical and Wireless Communications Conference and Exhibit, 2001, Beijing, China
Analytical expressions of transient phenomena in discrete fiber Raman amplifiers (FRAs) are presented in this paper. It is found that the recovery time in gain-saturated backward-pumped FRAs equals to the round-trip time of optical wave in the FRA, and is typically in the order of 10-1 ms. The power excursion amplitude and recovery time will increase dramatically in cascaded FRAs, leading to severe system performance degradation. Characteristics of transience in cascaded and gain-clamped FRAs and some design guidelines are also discussed based on these analytical expressions.
© (2001) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Lun Zhang, Sihai Wang, Chongcheng Fan, "Transience in fiber Raman amplifiers: characteristics and system design guidelines", Proc. SPIE 4581, Passive Components and Transmission Systems, (17 October 2001); doi: 10.1117/12.445040; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.445040

Optical amplifiers

Fiber amplifiers

Raman spectroscopy

Fiber characterization


Wavelength division multiplexing

Fluctuations and noise

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