The explosive growth of Internet traffic has created the need to transport IP over high-speed links such as fiber. Three main IP over fiber technologies have been developed: ATM, POS and SDL. As ATM has been widely researched and developed, this paper mainly discusses the POS and SDL. POS is a traditional mapping method of packets, and this paper presents the realization state machine of POS and analyzes the Probability of Packet Loss. SDL is a new framing protocol for variable/fixed length of packet, which extends the HEC-liking framing mechanism used in ATM. This paper analyzes this new protocol and gives the performance results such as MTTF and PFP. Finally, the comparison of POS and SDL is provided.