Infocom is a term used to describe the merger of Information and Communications and is used to show the radical changes in today's network traffic. The continuous growth of Infocom traffic, especially that of Internet, is driving Infocom networks to expand rapidly. To service providers, the traffic is consuming the bandwidth of their network. Simultaneously, users are complaining too slow, the net never stopped in China. It is the reality faced by both the service providers and equipment vendors. Demands from both the customers and competition in market call for an efficient network infrastructure. What should a Service Provider do? This paper will first analyze the development trends of optical networking and the formation of the concepts of Intelligent Optical Network (ION) and Automatic Switched Optical Network (ASON) as a solution to this problem. Next it will look at the ways to bring intelligence into optical networks, discussing the benefits to service providers by showing some application examples. Finally, it concludes that the development of optical networking has arrived at a point of introducing intelligence into optical networks. The intelligent optical networks and Automatic Switched Optical Networks will immediately bring a wide range of benefit to service providers, equipment vendors, and, of course, the end users.