28 May 2002 Photoacoustic effect applied to sound speed measurement
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Proceedings Volume 4588, Seventh International Conference on Education and Training in Optics and Photonics; (2002) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.468720
Event: Education and Training in Optics and Photonics 2001, 2001, Singapore, Singapore
Abstract
We present a simple experiment to show the photoacoustic effect, a well established but not widely known effect which has many applications. The photoacoustic effect consists of the generation of acoustic waves by pulsed radiation incident on a sample. In our case, we used a homemade Nitrogen laser as a source of pulsed light for many samples in order to measure the speed of sound. The Nitrogen laser is easy to build by undergraduate students, it is a transversal discharge laser at atmospheric pressure (TEA), excited by a Blumlein circuit, emitting nanosecond pulses in the ultraviolet region of the spectrum ((lambda) equals 337.1 nm) and has been previously reported. The acoustic waves generated on the surface of the samples travel through the material and are detected with a piezoelectric sensor. The transducer is also easy to build using the piezoelectric of cigar lighters. The electric signals are registered by a 100 Mhz oscilloscope triggered by the light produced at the laser discharge. Knowing the thickness of the sample and the arrival time of the acoustic wave we can precisely measure the speed of sound.
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Mayo Villagran-Muniz, Rosalba Castaneda-Guzman, Vicente Torres-Zuniga, "Photoacoustic effect applied to sound speed measurement", Proc. SPIE 4588, Seventh International Conference on Education and Training in Optics and Photonics, (28 May 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.468720; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.468720
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