5 February 2002 Activation energy of thermal fixing in LiNbO3: a comparative study
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Proceedings Volume 4607, Selected Papers from Fifth International Conference on Correlation Optics; (2002); doi: 10.1117/12.455236
Event: Fifth International Conference on Correlation Optics, 2001, Chernivsti, Ukraine
Abstract
The activation energy of thermal fixing is determined in congruent and nearly stoichiometric lithium niobate crystals doped with manganese or iron, respectively. Three different techniques were employed: two-wave mixing, holographic scattering and DC conductivity measurements. A comparison between the three techniques is made and the possible reasons for the discrepancy in the values of the activation energy are discussed. Holographic techniques have the advantage of being contactless methods by which problems coming from electrodes effects are ignored. The holographic scattering technique is much simpler than two-wave mixing technique and gives the same results at high density of the compensating ions. At low free ions concentration it is an ideally sensitive technique to detect the possible dependence of the compensation time constant on the spatial frequency and to determine the concentration of free ions that are responsible for thermal fixing.
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Mostafa A. Ellabban, Gabor Mandula, Romano A. Rupp, Martin Fally, E. Hartmann, Laszlo Kovacs, K. Polgar, "Activation energy of thermal fixing in LiNbO3: a comparative study", Proc. SPIE 4607, Selected Papers from Fifth International Conference on Correlation Optics, (5 February 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.455236; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.455236
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KEYWORDS
Ions

Crystals

Holography

Spatial frequencies

Holograms

Temperature metrology

Iron

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