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3 June 2002 Potential uses of terahertz pulse imaging in dentistry: caries and erosion detection
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Proceedings Volume 4610, Lasers in Dentistry VIII; (2002)
Event: International Symposium on Biomedical Optics, 2002, San Jose, CA, United States
TeraHertz Pulse Imaging (TPI) is a relatively new imaging modality for medical and dental imaging. The aim of the present study was to make a preliminary assessment of the potential uses of TPI in clinical dentistry, particularly in relation to caries detection and the detection and monitoring of erosion. Images were obtained in vitro using a new TPI system developed by TeraView Ltd. We present data showing that TPI in vitro images of approximal surfaces of whole teeth demonstrate a distinctive shadowing in the presence of natural carious lesions in enamel. The thickness of this enamel shadowing appears to be related to lesion depth. The use of non-ionizing radiation to image such lesions non-destructively in vitro represents a significant step towards such measurements in vivo. In addition, data is presented which indicates that TPI may have a potential role in the detection and monitoring of enamel erosion. In vitro experiments on whole incisor teeth show that TPI is capable of detecting relatively small artificially induced changes in the buccal or palatal surface of the enamel of these teeth. Imaging of enamel thickness at such a resolution without ionizing radiation would represent a significant breakthrough if applicable in vivo.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Christopher Longbottom, David A. Crawley, Bryan E. Cole, Donald D. Arnone, Vincent P. Wallace, and Michael Pepper "Potential uses of terahertz pulse imaging in dentistry: caries and erosion detection", Proc. SPIE 4610, Lasers in Dentistry VIII, (3 June 2002);


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