6 June 2002 Ratio of the spherical and flat detectors at tissue surfaces during pleural photodynamic therapy
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An isotropic-detector-based system was compared with a flat-photodiode-based system in patients undergoing Pleural photodynamic therapy. Isotropic and flat detectors were placed side by side in the chest cavity, for simultaneous in vivo dosimetry at surface locations for twelve patients. The treatment used 630nm laser to a total light irradiance of 30 J/cm2 (measured with the flat photodiodes) with photofrin IV as the photosensitizer. Since the flat detectors were calibrated at 532nm, wavelength correction factors (WCF) were used to convert the calibration to 630nm (WCF between 0.542 and 0.703). The mean ratio between isotropic and flat detectors for all sites was linear to the accumulated fluence and was 3.4+/- 0.6 or 2.1+/- 0.4, with or without the wavelength correction for the flat detectors, respectively. The micrometers eff of the tissues was estimated to vary between 0.5 to 4.3 cm-1 for four sites (Apex, Posterior Sulcus, Anterior Chest Wall, and Posterior Mediastinum) assuming microsecond(s) ' = 7 cm-1. Insufficient information was available to estimate micrometers eff directly for three other sites (Anterior Sulcus, Posterior Chest Wall, and Pericardium) primarily due to limited sample size, although one may assume the optical penetration in all sites to vary in the same range (0.5 to 4.3 cm-1).
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Timothy C. Zhu, Timothy C. Zhu, Joseph S. Friedberg, Joseph S. Friedberg, Andrea Dimofte, Andrea Dimofte, Jeremy D. Miles, Jeremy D. Miles, James M. Metz, James M. Metz, Eli Glatstein, Eli Glatstein, Stephen M. Hahn, Stephen M. Hahn, } "Ratio of the spherical and flat detectors at tissue surfaces during pleural photodynamic therapy", Proc. SPIE 4612, Optical Methods for Tumor Treatment and Detection: Mechanisms and Techniques in Photodynamic Therapy XI, (6 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.469337; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.469337

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