14 June 2002 Monte Carlo modeling of polarized light propagation in a biological tissue
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Proceedings Volume 4619, Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedical Science and Clinical Applications VI; (2002) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.470497
Event: International Symposium on Biomedical Optics, 2002, San Jose, CA, United States
Abstract
The application of polarization-sensitive optical coherence tomography (PS-OCT) creates new possibilities for biomedical imaging. In this work we present a numerical simulation of the signal from a PS-OCT interferometer. We explore the possibility to retrieve information concerning the optical birefringence properties of multiple layered tissues from the depth-resolved PS-OCT interferometric signal, in the presence of strong elastic light scattering. Our simulation is based on a Monte Carlo algorithm for the propagation of polarized light in a birefringent multiple scattering medium. Confocal and time-gated detection are also included. To describe the polarization state of light we use the Jones formalism, which reduces the calculation time compared with the full Stokes-Mueller formalism. To analyze the polarization state of the partially polarized backscattered light we applied a standard method using the Stokes vector, which is derived from the Jones vector. In this work we examined the Stokes vector variations with depth for the different tissues types. The oscillations of the Stokes vector are clearly demonstrated in the case of uniform birefringent medium. We also investigated a two-layered tissue, with a different birefringence of each layer. The Stokes vector variation with depth is compared to the uniform case and used to assess the depth-sensitivity of PS-OCT. Our simulation results are also compared with published experimental results of other groups.
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Sergei V. Gangnus, Stephen John Matcher, Igor Victorovich Meglinski, "Monte Carlo modeling of polarized light propagation in a biological tissue", Proc. SPIE 4619, Coherence Domain Optical Methods in Biomedical Science and Clinical Applications VI, (14 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.470497; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.470497
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