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28 March 2002 Factors affecting the transverse force measurements of an optical trap: I
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Proceedings Volume 4634, Methods for Ultrasensitive Detection II; (2002)
Event: High-Power Lasers and Applications, 2002, San Jose, California, United States
The transverse force of an optical trap is usually measured by equating the trapping force to the viscous drag force applied to the trapped particle according to Stokes' Law. Under normal conditions, the viscous drag force on a trapped particle is proportional to the fluid velocity of the medium. In this paper we show that an increase of particle concentration within the medium affects force measurements. In order to trap the particle, 1064 nm light from a Nd:YVO4 laser was brought to a focus in a sample slide, of thickness around 380 microns, by using an inverted Zeiss microscope objective, with NA equals 1.3. The slide was filled with distilled water containing 6 micron diameter polystyrene spheres. Measurements were taken at a fluid velocity of 0.75 microns/sec, achieved by moving the sample stage with a piezo-electric transducer whilst a particle was held stationary in the trap. The laser power required to hold a sphere at different trap depths for various concentrations was measured. Significant weakening of the trap was found for concentrations >0.03% solids by weight, becoming weaker for higher trap depths. These results are explained in terms of aberrations, particle-particle interactions and distortion of the beam due to particle-light interactions.
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Tiffany A. Wood, Amanda Wright, Helen F. Gleeson, Mark Dickenson, Tom Mullin, and Andrew Murray "Factors affecting the transverse force measurements of an optical trap: I", Proc. SPIE 4634, Methods for Ultrasensitive Detection II, (28 March 2002);

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