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25 April 2002 Nonlinear optical changes in 1D photonic bandgaps of cholesteric liquid crystal
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Proceedings Volume 4655, Photonic Bandgap Materials and Devices; (2002) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.463887
Event: Symposium on Integrated Optoelectronic Devices, 2002, San Jose, California, United States
Abstract
A cholesteric liquid crystal cell was fabricated possessing 1-D photonic bandgap structure. From the measurement of the linear absorption spectrum of the cell, a bandgap was identified, centered at 1.08 eV (1143 nm) with the gap width of 0.1 eV (100 nm). Based on the linear absorption spectra, the dispersion of the principal refractive indices along the parallel and perpendicular directions of the molecule was determined as 1.631 and 1.476 at the wavelength of 1064 nm through Berreman matrix method. A Q-switched Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm) was employed to investigate the nonlinear optical changes of photonic bandgap. As the laser intensity was increased to 320 MW/cm2, the transmittance decreased from 0.51 to 0.47, corresponding to an 8% change. The nonlinear transmittance change was analyzed numerically by Berreman matrix method with the incorporation of Kerr nonlinearity in the optical response of the molecules forming cholesteric liquid crystal. The changes in the refractive indices along the parallel and perpendicular directions were 3.46 and 1.51 X 10-10 (cm2/W). The changes in the position and width of bandgap were 0.02 eV and 0.03 eV at the laser intensity of 320 MW/cm2.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jeong Weon Wu, Jisoo Hwang, N. Y. Ha, J. Lim, Byoungchoo Park, Chang-Jun Ahn, Suk-Young Khoo, and Chi-Sup Jung "Nonlinear optical changes in 1D photonic bandgaps of cholesteric liquid crystal", Proc. SPIE 4655, Photonic Bandgap Materials and Devices, (25 April 2002); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.463887
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