30 May 2002 Color correction between gray world and white patch
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Abstract
Color equalization algorithms exhibit a variety of behaviors described in two differing types of models: Gray World and White Patch. These two models are considered alternatives to each other in methods of color correction. They are the basis for two human visual adaptation mechanisms: Lightness Constancy and Color Constancy. The Gray World approach is typical of the Lightness Constancy adaptation because it centers the histogram dynamic, working the same way as the exposure control on a camera. Alternatively, the White Patch approach is typical of the Color Constancy adaptation, searching for the lightest patch to use as a white reference similar to how the human visual system does. The Retinex algorithm basically belongs to the White Patch family due to its reset mechanism. Searching for a way to merge these two approaches, we have developed a new chromatic correction algorithm, called Automatic Color Equalization (ACE), which is able to perform Color Constancy even if based on Gray World approach. It maintains the main Retinex idea that the color sensation derives from the comparison of the spectral lightness values across the image. We tested different performance measures on ACE, Retinex and other equalization algorithms. The results of this comparison are presented.
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Alessandro Rizzi, Alessandro Rizzi, Carlo Gatta, Carlo Gatta, Daniele Marini, Daniele Marini, } "Color correction between gray world and white patch", Proc. SPIE 4662, Human Vision and Electronic Imaging VII, (30 May 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.469534; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.469534
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