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9 May 2002 Vectoral-scale-based fuzzy-connected image segmentation
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This paper presents an extension of previously published theory and algorithms for scale-based fuzzy connected image segmentation. In this approach, a strength of connectedness is assigned to every pair of image elements. This is done by finding the strongest among all possible connecting paths between the two elements in each pair. The strength assigned to a particular path is defined as the weakest affinity between successive pairs of elements along the path. Affinity specifies the degree to which elements hang together locally in the image. A scale is determined at every element in the image that indicates the size of the largest homogeneous region centered at the element. IN determining affinity between any two elements, all elements within their scale regions are considered. This method has been effectively utilized in several medical applications. In this paper, we generalize this scale-based fuzzy connected image segmentation method from scalar images to vectorial images. In a vectorial image, scale is defined as the radius of the largest hyperball contained in the same homogeneous region under a predefined condition of homogeneity of the image vector field. Two different components of affinity, namely homogeneity-based affinity and object-feature-based affinity, are devised in a fully vectorial manner. The original relative fuzzy connectedness algorithm is utilized to delinate a specified object via a competing strategy among multiple objects. We have tested this method in several medical applications, which qualitatively demonstrate the effectiveness of the method. Based on evaluation studies, a precision and accuracy of better than 95% has been achieved in an application involving MR brain image analysis.
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Ying Zhuge, Jayaram K. Udupa, and Punam K. Saha "Vectoral-scale-based fuzzy-connected image segmentation", Proc. SPIE 4684, Medical Imaging 2002: Image Processing, (9 May 2002);

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