16 May 2002 Radiography for intensive care: participatory process analysis in a PACS-equipped and film/screen environment
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If new technology is introduced into medical practice it must prove to make a difference. However traditional approaches of outcome analysis failed to show a direct benefit of PACS on patient care and economical benefits are still in debate. A participatory process analysis was performed to compare workflow in a film based hospital and a PACS environment. This included direct observation of work processes, interview of involved staff, structural analysis and discussion of observations with staff members. After definition of common structures strong and weak workflow steps were evaluated. With a common workflow structure in both hospitals, benefits of PACS were revealed in workflow steps related to image reporting with simultaneous image access for ICU-physicians and radiologists, archiving of images as well as image and report distribution. However PACS alone is not able to cover the complete process of 'radiography for intensive care' from ordering of an image till provision of the final product equals image + report. Interference of electronic workflow with analogue process steps such as paper based ordering reduces the potential benefits of PACS. In this regard workflow modeling proved to be very helpful for the evaluation of complex work processes linking radiology and the ICU.
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Regina Peer, Regina Peer, Siegfried Peer, Siegfried Peer, Heike Sander, Heike Sander, Ingo Marsolek, Ingo Marsolek, Wolfgang Koller, Wolfgang Koller, Dirk Pappert, Dirk Pappert, Johannes Hierholzer, Johannes Hierholzer, } "Radiography for intensive care: participatory process analysis in a PACS-equipped and film/screen environment", Proc. SPIE 4685, Medical Imaging 2002: PACS and Integrated Medical Information Systems: Design and Evaluation, (16 May 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.467005; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.467005

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