12 April 2002 Human visual system intrascene luminance dynamic range
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Abstract
A model of human retinal cones was studied as a function of the adapting luminance to predict the intrascene luminance dynamic range (LDR). It has shown that the human retinal cones do not have a unique perceptual characteristic because the adapting luminance is dependent on the data visualization (tone scale) and ambient lighting. Using the minimum retinal response and maximum luminance of the display, a relationship is derived that specifies the intrascene LDR as a function of the adapting luminance. It is concluded that an intrascene LDR of about 100 is acceptable for primary interpretation (viewing to generate the radiology report) provided the adapting luminance is less than half of the display maximum luminance. However, due to excessively high ambient lighting and lower maximum luminance of displays typically used for secondary interpretation (viewing after radiology report is available), an intrascene LDR of about 50 is recommended for this setting. As the retinal cones provide high spatial frequency response, the minimum display luminance should be greater than 1 cd/m2 to ensure fully operational retinal cones. Finally, it is noted that fixing LDR and minimum luminance provides an opportunity to present images with true consistency for image distribution throughout an enterprise.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Edward Muka, Bruce R. Whiting, "Human visual system intrascene luminance dynamic range", Proc. SPIE 4686, Medical Imaging 2002: Image Perception, Observer Performance, and Technology Assessment, (12 April 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.462676; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.462676
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