24 July 2002 Successful photoresist removal: incorporating chemistry, conditions, and equipment
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The material make-up of photoresists span a wide polarity range and chemistry. Resists contain reactive components which are photochemically triggered to convert and condense to forms that result in a solubility change. When designing a cleaning process, a knowledge of the resist chemistry is fundamental. A DNQ/novolak system may follow a simple dissolution model under normal conditions. However, when the same resist is sent through a dry etch process, crosslinking and metallic impregnation occurs to form a residue that is insoluble by simple dissolution. The same applies for negative-tone resists, where bonds must be broken and a high chemical interaction is needed to facilitate solvent penetration. Negative resists of different chemistry, such as the benzoin/acrylic, trazine/novolak, and azide/isoprene, must be addressed separately for specific polarity and reactant requirements. When dissolving and removing these crosslinked systems, benefits in formulated chemistries such as GenSolveTM and GenCleanTM are immediately observed. Once the chemistry is identified, conditions can be optimized with process design using temperature, agitation, and rinsing to achieve a robust process with a wide process latitude.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
John C. Moore, John C. Moore, } "Successful photoresist removal: incorporating chemistry, conditions, and equipment", Proc. SPIE 4690, Advances in Resist Technology and Processing XIX, (24 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.474207; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.474207

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