30 July 2002 Improved line-end foreshortening and corner-rounding control in optical proximity correction using radius of curvature method
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Abstract
We describe how to generate better Optical Proximity Corrections (OPC) for line-ends and corners by using rounded anchors and serifs. These rounded serifs and anchors can be made smaller in size and shape than the traditional rectilinear anchors and serifs. The smaller size of the serifs tend to have less problems in satisfying mask-rule constraints. They also have less adverse effects on the printability of neighboring shapes. We refer to these rounded anchors and serifs as Mouse-Ears. The rounding is done by circles which are regular octagons with Ortho-45 straight lines. The main idea of this paper stems from the physical description of the lithographic process, which can be conceptualized as a low-pass filter. The low-pass filter eliminates the sharp corners of the feature which are made of high spatial-frequency components and retains the low spatial-frequency components. Since the rounded anchors and serifs have fewer high-frequency components than their rectilinear counterparts they get less deformed in the lithographic process.
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Maharaj Mukherjee, Vinhthuy Phan, "Improved line-end foreshortening and corner-rounding control in optical proximity correction using radius of curvature method", Proc. SPIE 4691, Optical Microlithography XV, (30 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.474487; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.474487
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