16 July 2002 Imaging of polarization properties of transparent and scattering structures by phase-resolved polarization-sensitive optical-coherence tomography
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Abstract
We present a new method of polarization sensitive optical coherence tomography that measures backscattered intensity, birefringence, and fast optic axis orientation with only one single A-scan per transverse measurement location. The method employs a standard two-channel PS-OCT setup in combination with a phase sensitive recording of the interferometric signals in the two orthogonally polarized detection channels. We use an algorithm previously reported in the context of Doppler OCT and differential phase contrast OCT to extract amplitude and phase information contained in the interferometric signals. While the birefringence information is obtained from the signal amplitudes, as usual in PS-OCT, a careful analysis of the propagating beams by the Jones calculus reveals, that the information on the fast axis orientation is encoded entirely in the phase difference of the interferometric signals. We demonstrate our method and repot on accuracy and precision of birefringence and fast axis measurements in a transparent technical object. Finally, we present PS-OCT maps of birefringence, and what we believe for the first time, of fast axis orientation recorded in scattering tissue.
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Christoph K. Hitzenberger, Erich Goetzinger, Markus Sticker, Michael Pircher, Adolf Friedrich Fercher, "Imaging of polarization properties of transparent and scattering structures by phase-resolved polarization-sensitive optical-coherence tomography", Proc. SPIE 4707, Saratov Fall Meeting 2001: Optical Technologies in Biophysics and Medicine III, (16 July 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.475625; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.475625
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