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13 August 2002 Fusion of multiple quadratic penalty function support vector machines (QPFSVM) for automated sea mine detection and classification
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The high-resolution sonar is one of the principal sensors used by the Navy to detect and classify sea mines in minehunting operations. For such sonar systems, substantial effort has been devoted to the development of automated detection and classification (D/C) algorithms. These have been spurred by several factors including (1) aids for operators to reduce work overload, (2) more optimal use of all available data, and (3) the introduction of unmanned minehunting systems. The environments where sea mines are typically laid (harbor areas, shipping lanes, and the littorals) give rise to many false alarms caused by natural, biologic, and man-made clutter. The objective of the automated D/C algorithms is to eliminate most of these false alarms while still maintaining a very high probability of mine detection and classification (PdPc). In recent years, the benefits of fusing the outputs of multiple D/C algorithms have been studied. We refer to this as Algorithm Fusion. The results have been remarkable, including reliable robustness to new environments. The Quadratic Penalty Function Support Vector Machine (QPFSVM) algorithm to aid in the automated detection and classification of sea mines is introduced in this paper. The QPFSVM algorithm is easy to train, simple to implement, and robust to feature space dimension. Outputs of successive SVM algorithms are cascaded in stages (fused) to improve the Probability of Classification (Pc) and reduce the number of false alarms. Even though our experience has been gained in the area of sea mine detection and classification, the principles described herein are general and can be applied to fusion of any D/C problem (e.g., automated medical diagnosis or automatic target recognition for ballistic missile defense).
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Gerald J. Dobeck and J. Tory Cobb "Fusion of multiple quadratic penalty function support vector machines (QPFSVM) for automated sea mine detection and classification", Proc. SPIE 4742, Detection and Remediation Technologies for Mines and Minelike Targets VII, (13 August 2002);

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