19 April 2002 High-performance MEMS microgyroscope
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Proceedings Volume 4755, Design, Test, Integration, and Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS 2002; (2002); doi: 10.1117/12.462826
Event: Symposium on Design, Test, Integration, and Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS 2002, 2002, Cannes-Mandelieu, France
Abstract
This paper reports on JPL's on-going research into MEMS gyroscopes. [1-4] This paper will describe the gyroscope's fabrication- methods, a new 8-electrode layout developed to improve performance and performance statistics of a batch of six gyroscopes (of the 8- electrode design) recently rate tested. Previously in our group, T. Tang and R. Gutierrez presented the results of their extensive use of ethylene diamine pyrocatechol (EDP) to deep-etch the inertial- sensitive r4esonators and post-supporting structures in a 4- electrode gyroscope design. Today, JPL is utilizing an in-house STS DRIE, replacing the old wet-etching steps. This has demonstrated superior precision in machining symmetry of the resonators, thus significantly reducing native rocking mode frequency splits. A performance test of six gyros has shown an average, un-tuned, frequency split of 0.4% (11Hz split for rocking modes at 2.7KHz). The new JPL MEMS gyroscope has a unique 8-electrode layout, whose large electrodes can provide significant electrostatic softening of the resonator's springs. This allows matching of the Coriolis sensitive rocking modal frequencies to be improved from the native 0.4% to an average tuned frequency split of 0.02%. In separate tests, electrostatic tuning in the 8-electrode design has demonstrated the ability to match frequency-splits to within 10mHz, thus ensuring full degeneracy in even a very high Q device. In addition, a newly selected ceramic package-substrate has improved the device's dampening loses such that a mean Q of 28,000 was achieved in the six gyroscope tested. These Q's ere measured via the ring-down time method. The improved fabrication development and other modifications described have led to the JPL's MEMS gyroscope achieving an average bias instability (Allan variance 1/f floor estimate) of 11degree/hr with best in the group being 2degree/hr. In an independent test, Honeywell Inc. reported one of our MEMS gyroscopes as achieving 1degree/hr bias instability flicker floor estimate measured at constant temperature.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Sam Young Bae, Ken J. Hayworth, Karl Y. Yee, Kirill Shcheglov, Dean V. Wiberg, "High-performance MEMS microgyroscope", Proc. SPIE 4755, Design, Test, Integration, and Packaging of MEMS/MOEMS 2002, (19 April 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.462826; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.462826
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KEYWORDS
Gyroscopes

Microelectromechanical systems

Etching

Electrodes

Resonators

Reactive ion etching

Manufacturing

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