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27 June 2002 Synthesis and liquid-crystalline behaviour of thia-bridged tetra- and octa-substituted phthalocyanine derivatives
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Proceedings Volume 4759, XIV Conference on Liquid Crystals: Chemistry, Physics, and Applications; (2002) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.472122
Event: XIV Conference on Liquid Crystals, Chemistry, Physics, and Applications, 2001, Zakopane, Poland
Abstract
Thia-bridged tetra- and octa-poly(oxyethylene)-substituted metal free- and Ni(II) phthalocyanines have been synthesized from the corresponding phthalonitrile derivatives in the presence of the anhydrous metal salt (NiCl2) or a strong organic base. The new compounds have been characterized by elemental analyses, UV/vis, IR, NMR and mass spectra. The mesogenic properties of these new materials were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), optical microscopy and X-ray investigations. Although octa-substituted phthalocyanine derivatives are liquid all tetra-substituted compounds show a discotic mesophase in an extremely large temperature interval including room temperature. The relationship between the structure of the mesogenic units and the mesogenic behavior is discussed and the influence of the presence of the different heteroatoms in the side chains on mesomorphic properties has been determined.
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A. G. Guerek, M. Durmus, and V. Ahsen "Synthesis and liquid-crystalline behaviour of thia-bridged tetra- and octa-substituted phthalocyanine derivatives", Proc. SPIE 4759, XIV Conference on Liquid Crystals: Chemistry, Physics, and Applications, (27 June 2002); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.472122
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