13 September 2002 EUV light source and laser considerations for scalability and high-energy conversion efficiency
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Proceedings Volume 4760, High-Power Laser Ablation IV; (2002) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.482129
Event: International Symposium on High-Power Laser Ablation 2002, 2002, Taos, New Mexico, United States
Electrical to EUV conversion efficiency is a key parameter for systems scaled to EUV emission in the 100W regime. Improvement in efficiency of conversion from laser radiation at the EUV source, reduces the required laser power and as such can lend itself to reduced heat load and debris emission. Also, improvement in the electrical to laser conversion efficiency results in a direct reduction in cost of ownership. Laser solutions optimised for efficient conversion to high M2 CW laser radiation are not optimised in design for efficient short-pulsed operation; the mode of operation required for EUV generation. Aspects of both EUV source and laser design are discussed, with a view to optimising conversion efficiency for scalable EUV solutions.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Ian P. Mercer, Ian P. Mercer, Andrew Comley, Andrew Comley, Sebastian Davis-Ansted, Sebastian Davis-Ansted, Michael Egan, Michael Egan, Samir S. Ellwi, Samir S. Ellwi, Paul Harrison, Paul Harrison, Ian Henderson, Ian Henderson, Matt Kelly, Matt Kelly, Michael Mason, Michael Mason, Mark Middleton, Mark Middleton, Ian Morris, Ian Morris, Duncan Parsons-Karavassilis, Duncan Parsons-Karavassilis, Terrance Nowell, Terrance Nowell, Peter Raven, Peter Raven, Adrain Russel, Adrain Russel, David R. Klug, David R. Klug, Alan G. Taylor, Alan G. Taylor, } "EUV light source and laser considerations for scalability and high-energy conversion efficiency", Proc. SPIE 4760, High-Power Laser Ablation IV, (13 September 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.482129; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.482129

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