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13 September 2002 Laser-assisted shaping of metallic sheets and wires: a promising new application of highpower lasers
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Proceedings Volume 4760, High-Power Laser Ablation IV; (2002) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.482136
Event: International Symposium on High-Power Laser Ablation 2002, 2002, Taos, New Mexico, United States
Abstract
High power lasers are currently employed in production technology for processes with material removal as in cutting and ablation and in processes with material joining as in welding, cladding or the generation of 3-dimensional parts, e.g. for rapid prototyping. Nevertheless, lasers are rarely used in forming technology, where bulk material, sheets and wires are shaped without changing their volume. The reason for this scenario is that for forming metals large forces are needed that cannot be generated by conversion of optical energy as delivered by lasers. Nevertheless, the permanent plastic deformation of metals can be facilitated by selective irradiation with lasers in those regions of the workpiece, where the strongest deformations take place, since then the material is softened in those regions, thus reducing the necessary mechanical forces. In addition to this benefit of reduced forces also brittle materials, that cannot be deformed at room temperature without cracks or rupture, can be processed with laser assistance without the necessity of heating the whole workpiece as in hot forming, as e.g. forging. Several processes of the latter kind have up to now been investigated and successfully operated at the authors department at Vienna University of Technology/Austria, as bending, deep drawing and also dieless calibration of wires. In the actual paper an overview over successfully finished studies and newly planned investigations on laser assisted forming is given
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
G. Liedl, A. Kratky, and Dieter Schuoecker "Laser-assisted shaping of metallic sheets and wires: a promising new application of highpower lasers", Proc. SPIE 4760, High-Power Laser Ablation IV, (13 September 2002); https://doi.org/10.1117/12.482136
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