16 August 2002 EUV mask development: material and process
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Proceedings Volume 4764, 18th European Conference on Mask Technology for Integrated Circuits and Microcomponents; (2002) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.479358
Event: 18th European Mask Conference on Mask Technology for Integrated Circuits and Micro-Components, 2002, Munich-Unterhaching, Germany
Abstract
Extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) is one of the most promising technologies for wafer feature sizes of below 50nm. The illumination wavelength will be approximately 13.5nm and consequently no transmissive optics can be used for this soft X-ray light. For several years intensive research work has been performed in different programs mainly through EUV-LLC, ASET and PREUVE. This has resulted in providing solutions for the most critical tasks of EUVL - powerful sources, defect free mask blanks and environmentally stable optics of high reflectivity. During the development with EUV-LLC an engineering test stand for illumination has been built which will be a powerful tool for the development for EUVL masks. We have studied the patterning of a EUVL mask for process development and repair tests. The material was a standard Cr absorber (as used in production) and a SiO2 buffer layer. The process investigation was focused on the dry etch stop behaviour of the etch processes and also on cleaning issues. The mask concept favoured today for EUVL masks is very similar to the masks used in production; consequently most work is performed on Cr as the absorber material and SiO2 as the buffer material. From results presented in recent years we can surmise that Cr and TaN are at present the most promising candidates as absorber materials. However it is also known that it will be very difficult to develop an etch-bias free process for Cr. In this paper we shall present our results detailing the etch properties of Ta and TaN as an absorber material. TaN is shown to be a promising absorber material. In addition, the impact of mask properties on placement and bow has been investigated with finite element calculations.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Jenspeter Rau, Jenspeter Rau, Hermann Wendt, Hermann Wendt, Josef Mathuni, Josef Mathuni, Christoph Stepper, Christoph Stepper, Albrecht Ehrmann, Albrecht Ehrmann, Frank-Michael Kamm, Frank-Michael Kamm, } "EUV mask development: material and process", Proc. SPIE 4764, 18th European Conference on Mask Technology for Integrated Circuits and Microcomponents, (16 August 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.479358; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.479358
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