20 June 2002 Interferometer for testing in vibration environments
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Abstract
Temporal phase shifting interferometers require a stable environment during the data acquisition, so that well controlled phase steps can be introduced between successively acquired interferograms. In contrast, single-frame interferometers need to acquire only one interferogram to provide a phase map with very good precision at high spatial resolution. Thus these interferometers are well suited for the interferometric testing of large optics with long radius of curvature for which vibration isolation is difficult, e.g. testing astronomical telescope mirrors in a test tower, or testing space optics inside a cryogenic vacuum chamber. This paper describes the Instantaneous Phase Interferometer (IPI) by ADE Phase Shift, together with measurement results at NASA. The IPI consists of a polarization Twyman-Green interferometer operating at 632.8nm, with single-frame phase acquisition based on a spatial carrier technique. The spatial carrier fringes are generated by introducing large amount of tilt between the test beam and the reference beam. The phase information of the optical surface under test is encoded in the straightness of the interference fringes, which can be detected in a single frame with spatial sampling of 1000x1000 pixels. Measurements taken at the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center in support of the characterization of developmental optics for the Next Generation Space Telescope are presented. Such tests consist of a mirror placed inside a cryogenic vacuum chamber, with the IPI placed outside the test chamber without any additional vibration isolation.
© (2002) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Klaus R. Freischlad, Ron Eng, James B. Hadaway, "Interferometer for testing in vibration environments", Proc. SPIE 4777, Interferometry XI: Techniques and Analysis, (20 June 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.472245; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.472245
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