15 November 2002 Segmentation, autofocusing and signagture extraction of tuberculosis sputum images
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Bacteria segmentation of particular species entails a challenging process. Bacteria shape is not enough as a discriminant feature, because there are many species that share the same shape. We present here two methods for tuberculosis image segmentation using the chromatic information. The first method is based on fuzzy segmentation of the color images based on the information that it is entailed in each separate chromatic histogram. The second method is a simple color filtering account by comparison of the inverse of the yellowish stained bacteria (blue channel) with the product of the other two chromatic channels. The third method is based on the extraction of image signatures by projecting logarithmic-polar mappings onto 1D vectors. This representation provides a very compact description of all image aspects, including shape, texture and color. An achromatic segmentation method is also presented based on the use of gray-level morphological operators only to the green channel. Finally we present the results of different autofocusing algorithms of stained tuberculosis images.
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Manuel G. Forero-Vargas, Manuel G. Forero-Vargas, Filip Sroubek, Filip Sroubek, Josue Alvarez-Borrego, Josue Alvarez-Borrego, Norberto Malpica, Norberto Malpica, Gabriel Cristobal, Gabriel Cristobal, Andres Santos, Andres Santos, Luis Alcala, Luis Alcala, Manuel Desco, Manuel Desco, Leon Cohen, Leon Cohen, "Segmentation, autofocusing and signagture extraction of tuberculosis sputum images", Proc. SPIE 4788, Photonic Devices and Algorithms for Computing IV, (15 November 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.451665; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.451665

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