24 September 2002 On-board calibration techniques and test results for the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS)
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Abstract
The Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS) is a space based instrument developed for measurement of global atmospheric properties; primarily water vapor and temperature. AIRS is one of several instruments on board NASA's Earth Observing System Aqua spacecraft. AIRS operates in the 3.7 - 15.4 micron region and has 2378 infrared channels and 4 Vis/NIR channels. AIRS spatial resolution is 13.5 km from the orbit of 705 km and it scans ±49.5 degrees. AIRS has a set of on-board calibrators including a single infrared blackbody source, a parylene spectral calibration source, a space view and a Vis/NIR photometric calibrator. The on-board calibration subsystems are described along with a description of special test procedures for using them and results from several tests performed to date. Results are exceptional indicating that the instrument is performing better than expected.
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Thomas S. Pagano, Hartmut H. Aumann, Steven E. Broberg, Steven L. Gaiser, Denise E. Hagan, Thomas J. Hearty, Mark D. Hofstadter, Kenneth Overoye, Margaret H. Weiler, "On-board calibration techniques and test results for the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS)", Proc. SPIE 4814, Earth Observing Systems VII, (24 September 2002); doi: 10.1117/12.451547; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.451547
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