3 March 2003 Numerical modeling of keyhole dynamics in laser welding
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Proceedings Volume 4831, First International Symposium on High-Power Laser Macroprocessing; (2003) https://doi.org/10.1117/12.497916
Event: LAMP 2002: International Congress on Laser Advanced Materials Processing, 2002, Osaka, Japan
Abstract
Mathematical models and the associated numerical techniques have been developed to study the following cases: (1) the formation and collapse of a keyhole, (2) the formation of porosity and its control strategies, (3) laser welding with filler metals, and (4) the escape of zinc vapor in laser welding of galvanized steel. The simulation results show that the formation of porosity in the weld is caused by two competing mechanisms: one is the solidification rate of the molten metal and the other is the speed that molten metal backfills the keyhole after laser energy is terminated. The models have demonstrated that porosity can be reduced or eliminated by adding filler metals, controlling laser tailing power, or applying an electromagnetic force during keyhole collapse process. It is found that a uniform composition of weld pool is difficult to achieve by filler metals due to very rapid solidification of the weld pool in laser welding, as compared to that in gas metal arc welding.
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Wen-Hai Zhang, Wen-Hai Zhang, Jun Zhou, Jun Zhou, Hai-Lung Tsai, Hai-Lung Tsai, } "Numerical modeling of keyhole dynamics in laser welding", Proc. SPIE 4831, First International Symposium on High-Power Laser Macroprocessing, (3 March 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.497916; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.497916
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