21 February 2003 IOTA observation of the circumstellar envelope of R CrB
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Abstract
We report the first long-baseline interferometric observations of R CrB. The observations were carried out at the Infrared Optical Telescope Array (IOTA), using our new JHK beam combiner which enables us to record fringes simultaneously in the J-, H-, and K-bands. The circumstellar envelope of R CrB is resolved at a baseline of 21 m, and the K-band visibility is derived to be 0.61 ± 0.03 along a position angle of about 170 degrees. The visibility obtained with IOTA, as well as speckle visibilities with baselines up to 6 m and the spectral energy distribution (SED), are fitted with 2-component models consisting of the central star and an optically thin dust shell. The K-band visibilities predicted by the models are about 10% smaller than the visibility obtained with IOTA. However, given the simplifications adopted in our models and the complex nature of the object, this can be regarded as rough agreement. As a hypothesis to explain the small discrepancy, we propose that there might be a group of newly formed dust clouds, which might appear as a third visibility component.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Keiichi Ohnaka, Udo Beckmann, Jean-Philippe Berger, Michael K. Brewer, Karl-Heinz Hofmann, Marc G. Lacasse, Victor Malanushenko, Rafael Millan-Gabet, John D. Monnier, Ettore Pedretti, Dieter Schertl, F. Peter Schloerb, Victor Shenavrin, Wesley A. Traub, Gerd Weigelt, Boris Yudin, "IOTA observation of the circumstellar envelope of R CrB", Proc. SPIE 4838, Interferometry for Optical Astronomy II, (21 February 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.458931; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.458931
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