7 March 2003 Cryogenic engineering for OMEGA2000: design and performance
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Abstract
Omega2000 is a prime focus near infrared (NIR) wide-field camera for the 3.5 meter telescope at Calar Alto/Spain. Having a large field of view and an excellent optical quality, the instrument is particularly designed for survey observations. A cryogenic four lens focal reducer delivers a 15.4 x 15.4 arcminute field of view (FOV) with a pixel scale of 0.45"/pixel. The lenses are made of various optical materials, including CaF2 and BaF2 with diameters of up to 150 mm. They must be specially mounted to survive cooling and to follow the tight tolerances (± 0.05 mm for lens centricity and ± 30 arcsec for lens tilt) required by the optical design. For a wide range of observing applications, a filter mechanism can hold up to 17 filters of 3 inch diameter in 3 filter wheels. For exact and reproducible filter positions, a mechanical locking mechanism has been developed which also improves the cool-down performance of the filter wheels and filters. This mechanism allows a minimum distance of about 3 mm between the filter wheels. A Rockwell HAWAII-2 FPA is used to cover the wavelength range from 0.85 μm to 2.4 μm. Special care has been taken with regard to the thermal coupling of the detector. The thermal connection is made by gold layers on the fanout board and an additional spring-loaded mechanism. A warm mirror baffle system has been developed, in order to minimize the thermal background for K band observations. The camera is a focal reducer only and has no cold pupil stop.
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Harald Baumeister, Harald Baumeister, Peter Bizenberger, Peter Bizenberger, Coryn A. L. Bayler-Jones, Coryn A. L. Bayler-Jones, Zoltan Kovacs, Zoltan Kovacs, Hermann-Josef Roeser, Hermann-Josef Roeser, Ralf-Rainer Rohloff, Ralf-Rainer Rohloff, } "Cryogenic engineering for OMEGA2000: design and performance", Proc. SPIE 4841, Instrument Design and Performance for Optical/Infrared Ground-based Telescopes, (7 March 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.461003; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.461003
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