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5 March 2003 Optical design and performance of the NGST wavefront control testbed
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The NGST Wavefront Control Testbed (WCT) is a joint technology program managed by the Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) and the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) for the purpose of developing technologies relevant to the NGST optical system. The WCT provides a flexible testing environment that supports the development of wavefront sensing and control algorithms that may be used to align and control a segmented optical system. WCT is a modular system consisting of a Source Module (SM), Telescope Simulator Module (TSM) and an Aft-Optics (AO) bench. The SM incorporates multiple sources, neutral density filters and bandpass filters to provide a customized point source for the TSM. The telescope simulator module contains a flip-in mirror that selects between a small deformable mirror and three actively controlled spherical mirror segments. The TSM is capable of delivering a wide range of aberrated, unaberrated, continuous and segmented wavefronts to the AO optical bench for analysis. The AO bench consists of a series of reflective and transmissive optics that images the exit pupil of the TSM onto a 349 actuator deformable mirror that is used for wavefront correction. A Fast Steering Mirror (FSM) may be inserted into the system (AO bench) to investigate image stability and to compensate for systematic jitter when operated in a closed loop mode. We will describe the optical design and performance of the WCT hardware and discuss the impact of environmental factors on system performance.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.


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