5 March 2003 Thermal performance verification of the SIRTF cryogenic telescope assembly
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Abstract
The SIRTF Cryogenic Telescope Assembly employs a multi-stage thermal/cryogenic system in which the telescope is cooled bo 5.5K by passive techniques combined with vapor cooling by the effluent from a superfluid helium cryostat. The cryostat and telescope are surrounded by an outer shell, which is passively cooled to an expected temperature of about 35K. Verifying the performance of this system by test cannot be practically accomplished by a single end-to-end test. In the SIRTF-CTA Performance Test, we verified the relationship between helium flow rate and telescope temperature with the outer shell held at its predicted flight temperature. For systems like the SIRTF-CTA with thermal time constraints of several days, schedule is a critical parameter when planning the test procedure. The original plan of two steady-state tests at two different flight-like thermal boundary conditions was supplemented when we discovered that the test-induced (background) heat load to the cryostat and telescope was an order of magnitude larger than the predicted flight levels. With these unforeseen heat loads, we amended the test plan to include multiple changes to the test boundary conditions to quantify the background heat sources. Because of schedule constraints, we did not h ave the luxury of establishing steady-state for the various conditions of interest, and we relied on analysis of the system transient response for verification. Here we present our investigation of test-induced heat loads, our approach to data analysis, a comparison of measured system performance to analytical predictions, and some lessons learned.
© (2003) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.
Paul T. Finley, Rodney L. Oonk, Russell B. Schweickart, "Thermal performance verification of the SIRTF cryogenic telescope assembly", Proc. SPIE 4850, IR Space Telescopes and Instruments, (5 March 2003); doi: 10.1117/12.461640; https://doi.org/10.1117/12.461640
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